Works and rights

Are some types of yoik covered by special copyright provisions to accord with Sámi tradition?

15/11/2021

Yes, TONO has special copyright rules for the personal yoik that it administers. Copyright protects everyone who creates works of music or other intellectual property, and forms the basis for TONO’s operations. In Norway, this right is established in law through the Norwegian Copyright Act. It is also protected under a number of international agreements,…

Theatre music – bespoke or existing

19/04/2018

In this area, TONO has entered into a separate agreement with the Association of Norwegian Theatres and Orchestras (NTO), which obviates the need for TONO rights holders to negotiate directly for performances put on by NTO members. The agreement between NTO and TONO covers the right to perform and the right to receive royalties for…

Can I manage library music myself?

19/04/2018

With effect from January 2016, TONO has offered its members the opportunity to self-administer so called library music. Self-administration applies to the mechanical rights areas synchronisation and copying. This means that our members themselves can negotiate price with production companies that make use of libraries of musical works that are made specifically for film, television,…

Use of music in films, music videos, news reports, etc. (synchronisation)

19/04/2018

When you use music together with images, a juxtaposition of sound and pictures occurs. This is called synchronisation. If, for example, you create a video clip with music that you publish on your website, or an online news outlet uses music in a video report, the rights must be cleared before the video is published.…

How large a percentage of my royalties can a music publisher claim?

19/04/2018

The publisher can take no more than 33.33 per cent for a performance and no more than 50 per cent for a sound recording. However, it is normal for publishers to receive 33.33 per cent of both types of royalties. This applies in the original publishing territories, i.e. in territories where a sub-publishing agreement does…

What is the difference between grand and small rights?

19/04/2018

The expression “grand rights” is used in connection with performances of a dramatic musical work (e.g. an opera, operetta, musical, pantomime or ballet). The performance of originally written dramatico-musical works, or musical works performed on a stage in a dramatic context, are not subject to management by TONO. In principle, TONO does not manage grand…

A member of the band has quit. Can I transfer his shares in the work to the remaining band members?

19/04/2018

Written consent is required to remove one or more rights holders from a work that is already registered with TONO. It is important to distinguish between performers and creators. Remember that you must register the actual rights holders, i.e. the people who have contributed to the creation of the music/lyrics, for each work. If one…

Performing or recording cover versions

19/04/2018

TONO/NCB give permission for the public performance and recording of copyright-protected musical works on behalf of their creators. However, please note that the first publication is reserved for the creators themselves, unless otherwise agreed. No particular permission is needed to perform or release a cover version of another creator’s work, as long as your version…

Can I use a few bars from another creator’s work?

19/04/2018

If the work is protected, you must obtain the prior permission of the original work’s rights holders. TONO will be happy to help you find out whom you must contact in this respect. If the work is no longer protected by copyright, i.e. the original creator(s) have been dead for more than 70 years, you…

Can I apply to TONO for permission to arrange or translate a work?

19/04/2018

No. You must obtain the permission of the original rights holder if you want to create your own version of another creator’s work. However, such permission does not automatically imply that you, as an arranger or a translator, are entitled to a percentage of the royalties that TONO/NCB distributes. It must be clearly stated that…