TONO has sister societies worldwide, which will, on the basis of reciprocal administration contracts with us, ensure the distribution of royalties to our members for performances carried out in their territory.
These societies have a variety of different allocation rules and practices. Many societies pay out for all licensed concerts. Other societies carry out a form of “sampling”, which means that royalty calculations are based on the licence fees received for a selection of reported concert performances. The same often applies in the broadcasting area. Here a statistical selection of reports, often selected from a certain number of weeks per year, is used to represent the repertoire performed during the whole year. To receive a distribution in such cases, your work must be included in the selection.
Several societies distribute amounts due on a quarterly basis, while some societies distribute once or twice a year.
TONO’s objective is to pay any distribution received from abroad as quickly as possible to our rights holders. We distribute international royalties four times a year. The actual performance must first be dealt with by the relevant sister society before it is forwarded to TONO for local processing.
With regard to reporting performances abroad, the same model is practised as that in Norway. You do not need to report performances of your works on radio/TV, but please report the concert to TONO if you have played abroad.
Since several of our sister societies have strict reporting deadlines, we recommend our members to submit such concert reports as quickly as possible.
You can report concerts you have performed abroad via My TONO in the same way as concerts in Norway. Make sure you provide accurate details.
TONO receives reports directly from the radio and television channels, so you do not need to report this to TONO yourself.
For the Norwegian broadcasting sector, all of NRK’s national and regional radio and TV channels are included, as are TV Norge and the TV2 channels: TV2, TV2 Humor, TV2 Zebra, and TV2 Livsstil.
Distributions are also calculated for the other Norwegian radio channels, such as P4, Radio Norge and several local radio channels.
Distributions from other TV channels, like TV3, VIASAT and others, are calculated via our British sister society PRS For Music. Any distribution from these channels will therefore be made via our international distributions.
Read more about international distributions further down on this page.
Royalties for performances on radio and television in Norway are distributed four times a year, in March, June, September and December. For further details, please see the calendar further up on this page.
The distribution of royalties for broadcasts outside Norway depends on whether our affiliated societies cover the area concerned. Read more about international distributions further down on this page.
All works that meet the first performance criteria will automatically be allocated a special code when they are notified to TONO, and a special “first performance” distribution is calculated in December of the year following the first performance.
The first performance must have taken place in Norway within an area that meets the criteria. In principle, these areas are radio, television and concerts.
In some cases, a work is not entitled to a first performance supplement. These include:
- Performances of dramatical works (operas, operettas, musicals, ballets and plays). This is because we do not normally administer these rights.
- The category Private Copying, etc. This does not actually involve a first performance, but the reuse of material from radio/television for which royalties have previously been distributed.
- Free improvisation
- Signature tunes, jingles, trailers, vignette music, advertising spots, etc.
- New lyrics to existing music
- With respect to the music used in TV series, we calculate the first performance supplement on the basis of the duration of the music in the series’ first episode.
If you wish to receive a first performance supplement over and above the first episode, documentation must be submitted to show that the overall duration of new composed music is longer (original music appearing for the first time in later episodes).
Calculation of the first performance supplement is based on the royalty payable for the original performance. This amount is multiplied by a so-called “first performance factor”, which varies for each performance year.
Read more about this in TONO’S DISTRIBUTION MODEL (in Norwegian only)
The maximum amount payable as a first performance supplement for a single work is NOK 75,000, with each rights holder entitled to receive no more than NOK 150,000 per accrual year.
TONO distributes royalties for concerts in September the year after the performance took place. If your musical works were performed in a concert last year, you will receive the corresponding distribution this year.
We depend on receiving concert reports in order to make the appropriate distributions. In principle, the concert organiser is responsible for sending us these reports. However, in cases where you as the music’s creator were also the performer, it is easier if you send us the relevant report. Your report will be the basis for the invoice we send to the concert organiser, so it is important that you provide as accurate details as possible.
Log in to My TONO and report your concert there! Remember that you must specify all the musical works that were performed, including any cover versions and works by other creators.
Deadlines for reporting are:
1 February for the submission of reports for the second half of the previous year
1 October for the submission of reports for the first half of the current year
There are three types of concerts:
Licensed concerts is by far the largest category. The total distributable amount is calculated on the basis of the overall licence fee payable by the concert organiser, as well as funds deriving from the background area (e.g. hotels and restaurants). The total amount is then allocated on the basis of the licence fee and the duration of the concert.
Subsidised concerts are concerts whose main repertoire TONO, for reasons of cultural policy, has decided to support with additional funds. These funds derive partly from unidentified works.
This category includes concerts by orchestral companies, music associations, etc. A general criterion is that the performed repertoire is sheet music or similar works, which, from a compositional point of view, extend beyond the simplest forms and where the composer, via their musical score, has a substantial degree of control over every performance.
The list of clients and performers in the subsidised category is dynamic and may be found here: [NB! Engelsk versjon av denne FAQ-siden]
Mega concerts are concerts for which TONO receives more than NOK 25,000 in licence fees. The distribution is calculated directly on the basis of the licence fees deriving from each individual concert, minus a predetermined administration fee.
Under TONO FAQ, you will find examples of how the royalties payable for a concert are calculated.